Our aims

     We aim to improve scientific understanding in these areas:

How and why does our climate change – past,

     present and future – and what are the


How can we accurately estimate the magnitude

     and uncertainty of global warming ?

How to quantitatively assess the role of

     anthropogenic and natural factors in global


Global Mean Surface Temperature (GMST), Global Land Surface Air Temperature (GLSAT, including Arctic surface air temperature), Global Sea Surface Temperature (GSST), and China Surface Air Temperature (China SAT) series from 1850 to 2023
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E-mail Zhang) Li)
Sun Yat sen University Zhuhai Campus, Tangjiawan Town, Zhuhai City, Guangdong Province, 519082, P. R. China