ESSD: Description of the China global Merged Surface Temperature version 2.0

Global surface temperature observational datasets are the basis of global warming studies. In the context of increasing global warming and frequent extreme events, it is essential to improve the coverage and reduce the uncertainty in global surface temperature datasets. The China global Merged Surface Temperature Interim version (CMST-Interim) is updated to CMST 2.0 in this study. The previous CMST datasets were created by merging the China global Land Surface Air Temperature (C-LSAT) with sea surface temperature (SST) data from the Extended Reconstructed Sea Surface Temperature version 5 (ERSSTv5). The CMST 2.0 contains three variants: CMST 2.0 − Nrec (without reconstruction), CMST 2.0 − Imax, and CMST 2.0 − Imin (according to their reconstruction area of the air temperature over the sea ice surface in the Arctic region). The reconstructed datasets significantly improve data coverage, whereas CMST 2.0 − Imax and CMST 2.0 − Imin have improved coverage in the Northern Hemisphere, up to more than 95 %, and thus increased the long-term trends at global, hemispheric, and regional scales from 1850 to 2020. Compared to CMST-Interim, CMST 2.0 − Imax and CMST 2.0 − Imin show a high spatial coverage extended to the high latitudes and are more consistent with a reference of multi-dataset averages in the polar regions. The CMST 2.0 datasets presented here are publicly available at the website of figshare, (Sun and Li, 2021a), and the CLSAT2.0 datasets can be downloaded at (Sun and Li, 2021b). Both are also available at (last access: January 2022).

Further reading:

Sun, W., Yang, Y., Chao, L., Dong, W., Huang, B., Jones, P., and Li, Q.: Description of the China global Merged Surface Temperature version 2.0, Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 14, 1677–1693,, 2022.